Artist

unknown (Roman (ancient))

Date

306-313 CE (creation)

Alternate Title

Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine

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Description

Basilica erected on the site of the earlier Horrea Piperataria (Spice Market), in a prominent position overlooking the eastern end of the Forum Romanum. It was begun by the Emperor Maxentius (reg AD 306–12), possibly following the fire of AD 307, which severely damaged the nearby Temple of Venus and Rome, but was only completed, in slightly altered form, after his death in the Battle of the Milvian Bridge (AD 312). The Senate subsequently dedicated it to his victorious rival Constantine. The collapse of the nave and south aisle in the medieval period created the imposing ruin visible today (see fig.). It was a popular subject for Renaissance artists, who identified it mistakenly as the Templum Pacis, and it may have inspired Bramante’s design for St Peter’s in Rome.

Description Source

Grove Art Online; http://www.groveart.com/shared/views/home.html

Culture

Roman (ancient)

Classification

Architecture and City Planning

Work Type

buildings; religious buildings; basilicas

Work Technique

construction

Location

Basilica of Maxentius (Rome, Lazio, Italy)

Material

brick-faced concrete

Measurements

215 x 300 ft (length, overall)

Image Rights

© Jesús Escobar

Image Source

Jesus Escobar; fair use

File Type

jpg

Photo Credit

Jesus Escobar

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