Title

An Anion-Dependent Switch in Selectivity Results from a Change of C-H Activation Mechanism in the Reaction of an Imidazolium Salt with IrH5(PPh3)2

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2005

Abstract

Changing the counteranion along the series Br, BF4, PF6, SbF6 in their ion-paired 2-pyridylmethyl imidazolium salts causes the kinetic reaction products with IrH5(PPh3)2 to switch from chelating N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) having normal C2 (N path) to abnormal C5 binding (AN path). Computational work (DFT) suggests that the AN path involves C−H oxidative addition to IrIII to give IrV with little anion dependence. The N path, in contrast, goes by heterolytic C−H activation with proton transfer to the adjacent hydride. The proton that is transferred is accompanied by the counteranion in an anion-coupled proton transfer, leading to an anion dependence of the N path, and therefore of the N/AN selectivity. The N path goes via IrIII, not IrV, because the normal NHC is a much less strong donor ligand than the abnormal NHC. PGSE NMR experiments support the formation of ion-pair in both the reactants and the products. 19F,1H-HOESY NMR experiments indicate an ion-pair structure for the products that is consistent with the computational prediction (ONIOM(B3PW91/UFF)).

Comments

Copyright 2005 American Chemical Society.

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Publication Title

Journal of the American Chemical Society

Published Citation

Appelhans, L.N.; Zuccaccia, D.; Kovacevic, A.; Chianese, A.R.; Miecznikowski, J.R.; Macchioni, A.; Clot, E.; Eisenstein, O.; Crabtree, R.H. “An Anion-Dependent Switch in Selectivity Results from a Change of C-H Activation Mechanism in the Reaction of an Imidazolium Salt with IrH5(PPh3)2.”Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2005, 127 (46), 16299-16311.

DOI

10.1021/ja055317j