This collection features books and book contributions written by faculty in the Department of History at Fairfield University.
Gavriel D. Rosenfeld and Paul Jaskot
Gavriel Rosenfeld (wiith Paul Jaskot), in addition to a co-editing this book, is a co-contributing author,:
“Urban Space and the Nazi Past in Postwar Germany [with Paul Jaskot]”, p.1-24. and,
""Memory and the Museum: Munich's Struggle to Build a Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism", pp.163-185.
Book description: Beyond Berlin breaks new ground in the ongoing effort to understand how memorials, buildings, and other spaces have figured in Germany's confrontation with its Nazi past. The contributors challenge reigning views of Germany's postwar memory work by examining how specific urban centers apart from the nation's capital have wrestled with their respective Nazi legacies. A wide range of West and East German cities is profiled in the volume: prominent metropolises like Hamburg, dynamic regional centers like Dresden, gritty industrial cities like Wolfsburg, and idyllic rural towns like Quedlinburg. In employing historical, art historical, anthropological, and geographical methodologies to examine these and other important urban centers, the volume's case studies shed new light upon the complex ways in which the confrontation with the Nazi past has directly shaped the German urban landscape since the end of the Second World War.
Book description: Social network analysis maps relationships and transactions between people and groups. This 2008 text was the first book-length application of this method to the ancient world, using the abundant documentary evidence from sixth-century Oxyrhynchos and Aphrodito in Egypt. Professor Ruffini combines a prosopographical survey of both sites with computer analyses of the topographical and social networks in their papyri. He thereby uncovers hierarchical social structures in Oxyrhynchos not present in Aphrodito, and is able for the first time to trace the formation of the famous Apion estate. He can also use quantitative techniques to locate the central players in the Aphrodito social landscape, allowing us to see past the family of Dioskoros to discover the importance of otherwise unknown figures. He argues that the apparent social differences between Oxyrhynchos and Aphrodito in fact represent different levels of geographic scale, both present within the same social model. -- Publisher description.
The popular media have portrayed the Black Panthers mainly for the rhetoric of violence some members employed and for the associations between the Panthers and a black militancy drawing on racial hostility to whites in general. Overlooked have been the efforts that branches of the organization undertook for practical economic and social progress within African-American neighborhoods, frequently in alliance with whites. Yohuru Williams' study of black politics in New Haven culminating in the arrival of the Panthers argues that the increasing militancy in the black community there was motivated not by abstractions of black cultural integrity but by the continuing frustrations the leadership suffered in its dealings with the city's white liberal establishment. Black Politics/White Power is an important contribution to a discovery of the complexities of racial politics during the angry late sixties and early seventies. -- Publisher description
Written by a history educator, this exciting guide provides a unique approach that makes it easy for middle and high school teachers to engage students' critical thinking in history and social studies. Using a "CSI approach" to history, the author's six powerful strategies tap into students' natural curiosity and investigative instincts. Students become detectives of the past as they ghost-hunt in their neighborhoods, solve historical crime scenes, prepare arguments for famous court cases, and more. Each ready-to-use technique: Demonstrates how students can use primary and secondary sources to solve historical mysteries Includes sample lessons and case studies for Grades 5–12 Aligns with national standards, making the book useful for both teachers and curriculum developers Features review questions, reflections, and Web and print resources in every chapter for further reading Incorporate these strategies into your classroom and watch as students discover just how thrilling and spine-chilling history can be! --Publisher's description
Jaakko Frosen, Tiina Purola, Erja Salmenkivi, and Giovanni Ruffini
Giovanni Ruffini is a contributing author, “New Approaches to Oxyrhynchite Topography”, pp. 973-988.
K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Shawn Graham, and Giovanni Ruffini
Giovanni Ruffini (with Shawn Graham) is a contributing author, "Network Analysis and Greco-Roman Prosopography”, pp. 325-336.
Dagmar Herzog and Gavriel D. Rosenfeld
Gavriel Rosenfeld is a contributing author, "" The Normalization of Memory: Saul Friedländer’s Reflections of Nazism Twenty Years Later", pp. 400-410
Book description: As the discipline of Holocaust studies matures, new questions and themes come to the fore. Among these are critical issues that receive serious scholarly attention, often for the first time, in this collection of essays by some of the world's most respected experts in the field. Greed and theft as motives for Holocaust perpetrators and bystanders; sexual violence and what it tells us about the experiences of both victims and perpetrators; collaboration with Nazis among the local populations of the ever-moving Eastern front; the durability of anti-Semitism after 1945; and the perspectives of the Soviet military and Soviet leadership on Nazi crimes: these are some of the topics the authors address as they extend the boundaries of Holocaust scholarship beyond the central loci of the planning and execution of technologized mass murder--Germany and Poland--and into ghettos and killing fields in Ukraine and Belarus, as well as spaces whose boundaries and national identities changed repeatedly. The authors also look to Western Europe and consider the expropriation of Dutch Jews and the exigencies of post-Holocaust filmmaking in France; they draw insights from recent genocides such as those in Cambodia and Rwanda, and provide new critical analyses of the course and meaning of contested responses to the Shoah in nations and locations long and deeply studied. A thorough, thoughtful, and insightful introduction clarifies the volume's themes and concisely places them within the larger context of Holocaust scholarship; and an introductory essay by Omer Bartov brings into focus the numerous paradoxes structuring early twenty-first-century retrospective thinking about the significance of the Holocaust as a central theme of the twentieth century.
Peniel E. Joseph and Yohuru Williams
Yohuru Williams is a contributing author, "A Red Black and Green Liberation Jumpsuit: Roy Wilkins, the FBI and the Conundrum of Black Power," 169-191.
Book description: The Black Power Movement remains an enigma. Often misunderstood and ill-defined, this radical movement is now beginning to receive sustained and serious scholarly attention. Peniel Joseph has collected the freshest and most impressive list of contributors around to write original essays on the Black Power Movement. Taken together they provide a critical and much needed historical overview of the Black Power era. Offering important examples of undocumented histories of black liberation, this volume offers both powerful and poignant examples of 'Black Power Studies' scholarship.--Publisher's Description
Fred Skolnit and Gavriel D. Rosenfeld
Gavriel Rosenfeld is a contributing author, "Saul Friedländer", volume 7, pp. 275-76.
Book description: Provides an exhaustive and organized overview of Jewish life and knowledge from the Second Temple period to the contemporary State of Israel, from Rabbinic to modern Yiddish literature, from Kabbalah to "Americana" and from Zionism to the contribution of Jews to world cultures.
Yohuru Williams and Jama Lazerow
In addition to co-editing this title, Yohuru Williams is a contributing author, “White Tigers, Brown Berets, Black Panthers, Oh My!” and (with Jama Lazerow) "The Black Panthers and Historical Scholarship: Why Now?”.
Book description: Controversy swirled around the Black Panthers from the moment the revolutionary black nationalist Party was founded in Oakland, California, in 1966. Since that time, the group that J. Edgar Hoover called “the single greatest threat to the nation’s internal security” has been celebrated and denigrated, deified and vilified. Rarely, though, has it received the sort of nuanced analysis offered in this rich interdisciplinary collection. Historians, along with scholars in the fields of political science, English, sociology, and criminal justice, examine the Panthers and their present-day legacy with regard to revolutionary violence, radical ideology, urban politics, popular culture, and the media. The essays consider the Panthers as distinctly American revolutionaries, as the products of specific local conditions, and as parts of other movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s.
One contributor evaluates the legal basis of the Panthers’ revolutionary struggle, explaining how they utilized and critiqued the language of the Constitution. Others explore the roles of individuals, looking at a one-time Panther imprisoned for a murder he did not commit and an FBI agent who monitored the activities of the Panthers’ Oakland branch. Contributors assess the Panthers’ relations with Students for a Democratic Society, the Young Lords, the Brown Berets, and the Peace and Freedom Party. They discuss the Party’s use of revolutionary aesthetics, and they show how the Panthers manipulated and were manipulated by the media. Illuminating some of the complexities involved in placing the Panthers in historical context, this collection demonstrates that the scholarly search for the Black Panthers has only just begun. -- Publisher description
Sheridan Gilley and Jeffrey P. von Arx S.J.
Jeffrey P. von Arx, S.J. is a contributing author, "Cardinal Manning and his political persona: the education act of 1870" p. 1.
The major themes of Catholic historiography and the history of education during the Victorian era unite the essays collected here, as is fitting for a volume honouring the work in these fields of Professor Vincent Alan McClelland. There is a particular emphasis upon the life and work of Cardinal Manning; other figures and topics considered include Father Randal Lythgoe, Cardinal Newman, the English Benedictine contribution to the British Empire, modern Scottish Catholic history, and Victorian Christianity in its various forms, as in the essays on Methodism and the Church of Ireland. - Publisher description
Jonathan Petropolous, John Roth, and Gavriel D. Rosenfeld
Gavriel Rosenfeld is a contributing author, “Alternate Holocausts and the Mistrust of Memory", pp. 240-251.
Book description: Few essays about the Holocaust are better known or more important than Primo Levi’s reflections on what he called “the gray zone,” a reality in which moral ambiguity and compromise were pronounced. In this volume accomplished Holocaust scholars, among them Raul Hilberg, Gerhard L. Weinberg, Christopher Browning, Peter Hayes, and Lynn Rapaport, explore the terrain that Levi identified. Together they bring a necessary interdisciplinary focus to bear on timely and often controversial topics in cutting-edge Holocaust studies that range from historical analysis to popular culture. While each essay utilizes a particular methodology and argues for its own thesis, the volume as a whole advances the claim that the more we learn about the Holocaust, the more complex that event turns out to be. Only if ambiguities and compromises in the Holocaust and its aftermath are identified, explored, and at times allowed to remain--lest resolution deceive us--will our awareness of the Holocaust and its implications be as full as possible.
Gavriel D. Rosenfeld
Book description: What if the Nazis had triumphed in World War II? What if Adolf Hitler had escaped Berlin for the jungles of Latin America in 1945? What if Hitler had become a successful artist instead of a politician? Originally published in 2005, Gavriel D. Rosenfeld's pioneering study explores why such counterfactual questions on the subject of Nazism have proliferated within Western popular culture. Examining a wide range of novels, short stories, films, television programs, plays, comic books, and scholarly essays appearing in Great Britain, the United States, and Germany post-1945, Rosenfeld shows how the portrayal of historical events that never happened reflects the evolving memory of the Third Reich's real historical legacy. He concludes that the shifting representation of Nazism in works of alternate history, as well as the popular reactions to them, highlights their subversive role in promoting the normalisation of the Nazi past in Western memory.
Yohuru Williams, Tamara Brown, and Rodger Davidson
Tao Jie, Zheng Bijun, Shirley L. Mow, and Danke K. Li
Danke Li is a contributing author, “Gender Inequality in Education in Rural China”, p.123-136.
Book Description: Mao Zedong's famous statement that "women hold up half the sky" marked a new recognition of Chinese women's contributions to their society—but only today is there a rich and extensive body of research by Chinese women about women in China. Drawing together work by many of China's most distinguished women scholars, this collection presents twenty-one essays that address issues relating to women in the workplace, women's education, and women's role in marriage, family, and in cultural and political life. With statistics and accounts otherwise unavailable in the West, they reveal a feminist activism among China's women that is breathtaking both for the problems it confronts and for the spirit of the struggle it embodies.
Maxine Lurie, Marc Mappen, and Yohuru Williams
Yohuru Williams is a contributing author, "Nation of Islam".
Book description: The Encyclopedia of New Jersey is the most extensive reference work ever published on the Garden State. The Encyclopedia contains nearly 3,000 original articles, along with 585 illustrations and 130 maps, collecting a wealth of information about the state in one volume. The Encyclopedia is filled with fascinating and interesting entries ranging from New Jersey's earliest history to the present. For example-Did you know that New Jersey was once divided into two parts-East Jersey and West Jersey? That streptomycin was first isolated at Rutgers University? Or that the first vote cast by an African American under the Fifteenth Amendment was in Perth Amboy? How about that New Jersey was the site of the first intercollegiate football game? These facts, and thousands more, can be found in the pages of the Encyclopedia of New Jersey. This volume will provide the answers to questions about New Jersey that you never even knew you had!
Gavriel D. Rosenfeld
[2004 Translated and revised edition of Munich and Memory: Architecture, Monuments, and the Legacy of the Third Reich (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000)]
Wenig erforscht sind bisher die Auswirkungen der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Nationalsozialismus nach 1945 auf die Stadtentwicklung und das Stadtbild Münchens. In Auswertung bislang unbeachteten Archivmaterials beschreibt der Autor anschaulich die Planungen für den Wiederaufbau Münchens nach seiner Zerstörung, wobei er detailliert die Probleme eines historischen Wiederaufbaus der Stadt erläutert. Ausführlich dokumentiert er die kontroversen Einstellungen der Stadtplaner zur NS-Architektur, bei denen sich rein ästhetische und ideologisch-historisch argumentierende Positionen unversöhnlich gegenüberstehen. Rosenfeld legt in seiner wegweisenden Untersuchung dar, dass die Debatten zwischen den so genannten Traditionalisten, Modernisten, Postmodernisten und kritischen Denkmalpflegern aber auch zeigen, dass der Umgang mit dem Nationalsozialismus nicht von Verdrängung, sondern vielmehr von heftigen rivalisierenden Meinungsverschiedenheiten über die Zukunft der Stadt geprägt waren. Gleichwohl zeichnete sich München durch einen konservativen Umgang mit seiner NS-Vergangenheit aus und dadurch, dass die Stadt bestrebt war, ihre historische Verantwortung für das »Dritte Reich« abzuschwächen.
Giovanni Ruffini and W. V. Harris
Giovanni Ruffini, in addition to editing this title, is a contributing author, “Late Antique Pagan Networks from Athens to the Thebaid,” pp. 241-257."
Book description: As one of the greatest cities of antiquity, Alexandria has always been a severe challenge to its historians, all the more so because the surviving evidence, material and textual, is so disparate. New archaeological and literary discoveries and the startling diversity of ancient Alexandria (so reminiscent of some modern cities) add to the interest. The present volume contains the papers given at a conference at Columbia University in 2002 which attempted to lay some of the foundations for a new history of Alexandria by considering, in particular, its position between the traditions and life of Egypt on the one hand, and on the other the immigrants who came there from Greece and elsewhere in the wake of the founder Alexander of Macedon. -- Publisher description.
Yohuru Williams and Baruti Kopano
Catharine Cookson and Patricia Behre
Patricia Behre is a contributing author "The French Revolution".
Book Discussion: The intertwined issues of religious freedom, religious rights and church-state relations are a major issue around the world. In fact, much of the story of human history is the story of quests for freedom by different religious groups in different places at different times. These quests and stories continue today in many countries.
The Encyclopedia consists of 150 essays by scholars on topics including concepts and ideas, historical events and eras, major world religions, key issues of religious freedom, minority groups and the stance of major world religions on the issues of religious freedom.
Primary documents and historical essays trace the struggle of African Americans for justice and equality during the nearly century and a half after emancipation. The first section offers evidence for why the study of Black history continues to be relevant and important. The rest are chronological from the Civil War to Freedom Now/Black Power. Among the documents are the Civil War Amendments 1865-70, Ku Klux Klan discipline (1871), literacy test and poll tax (1899), the Tulsa race riot of 1921, Buchanan v. Warley (1917), artistic and intellectual center of the Harlem Renaissance (1920-35), Truman's civil rights program of 1948, Martin Luther King's 1963 Letter from a Birmingham jail, and the FBI expands in counterintelligence program (1968). There is no index. The first edition appeared in 2003. Annotation ©2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR --Barnes and Noble
Yohuru Williams and Tamara Brown
In this curriculum guide, the Association for the Study of African American Life and History continues its emphasis on Du Bois’ prophetic statement first enunciated at the Pan-African Conference of 1900 that “the problem of the Twentieth Century is the problem of the color-line,” and moreover the “double-consciousness” or “two-ness” confronting African Americans—“two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring details in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.” --Publisher
Discusses feuding between Catholics, Protestants, and Jews in the northeastern French city of Metz, and how that interaction ultimately strengthened the king's hand.
Miskimin's work considers the religious feuding, hostility, and occasional cooperation of Catholics, Protestants, and Jews in 17th-century Metz. In a series of pointed chapters, she shows how the French Crown benefited from religious disagreement in the town by using that discord to push through its centralizing political agenda. Despite the disapproval of local leaders and the lack of any ideological commitment to coexistence, Catholics, Protestants, and Jews increasingly developed daily contacts in the city as the century progressed. Though these contacts were often hostile, they nonetheless continued and led to more complex interactions which undercut traditional religious verities.
Using numerous examples from local court records, Miskimin explores the multilayered contacts between adherents of these three faiths in one of the only French towns to include this tripartite religious mix during this period. As a result, Metz became a convenient early laboratory for the fundamental intellectual shifts at work in Europe. Building on earlier studies of centralization, this book integrates social and religious history with major political shifts to illustrate the interdependence of members of these three groups, as well as the centrality of their clashes to an understanding of the climate of these turbulent times at the dawn of modernity.
Yohuru Williams, Baruti Kopano, and The Association for the Study of African American Life and History
Wade Clark Roof and Patricia Behre
Patricia Behre is a contributing author "Religious Persecution".
Book Description: Through waves of new immigration, and the social influence of 60s counterculture, the United States has seen an explosion in the variety of religious practice since about 1965. This 2 volume work lets students, researchers, and general readers explore American religion in all its diversity. In addition to profiling religious groups from the modern forms of Catholicism and Judaism to some of the more-extreme cults such as Heaven's Gate and the Branch Davidians, the set includes articles on cultural, social, and legal issues, as well as holidays and celebrations, the arts, and more.