Title

Prostate cancer update: when to screen, how to treat

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2004

Abstract

In American men, prostate cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death. Confirmed risk factors for prostate cancer include increased age, African-American ethnicity, and having first-degree relatives with the disease; high fat consumption may also be implicated. Appropriate screening begins with digital rectal examination and measurement of prostate-specific antigen; biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis. Watchful waiting, surgery, and radiation are standard treatment options. Adverse effects of the more aggressive therapies include urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

Comments

COPYRIGHT 2004 Quadrant Healthcom, Inc. A link to full-text has been provided for authorized subscribers.

Publication Title

Clinician Reviews

Published Citation

Wallace, M. (2004). Prostate cancer update: when to screen, how to treat. Clinician Reviews, 14(8), 45-52.