This collection features books and book contributions written by faculty in the Department of Sociology & Anthropology at Fairfield University.
Developing Strategic International Partnerships: Models for Initiating and Sustaining Innovative Institutional Linkages
Susan Buck Sutton, Daniel Obst, Clifford Louime, Joseph V. Jones, and Terry-Ann Jones
Terry-Ann Jones (with Clifford Louime and Joseph V. Jones) is a contributing author, “Developing Research-Based Partnerships: Florida A&M University’s U.S.-Brazil Cross-Cultural Initiative".
Book description: International collaboration has become integral to higher education in the 21st century, and perhaps nowhere is this more apparent than in the recent proliferation of international partnerships among colleges and universities. In this book, the sixth in a series of Global Education Research Reports published by IIE and the AIFS Foundation, experts and practitioners from a wide range of higher education institutions and organizations capture the current dynamism and broadened scope of international academic partnerships. This book compiles a panorama of mutually beneficial partnership programs from across the globe, and features recommendations, models, and strategies for initiating, managing, and sustaining a range of international linkages. It also illustrates the myriad ways in which international partnerships enhance, and even transform, the institutions that participate in them, aiding in long-term goals of campus internationalization and preparing students for entry into the global workforce.
Glenn Willemsen, Kwame Nimako, and Eric Mielants
Eric Mielants is the Dutch to English translator of this book.
Book description: The Dutch Atlantic interrogates the Dutch involvement in Atlantic slavery and assesses the historical consequences of this for contemporary European society.
Kwame Nimako and Glenn Willemsen show how the slave trade and slavery intertwined economic, social and cultural elements, including nation-state formation in the Netherlands and across Europe. They explore the mobilisation of European populations in the implementation of policies that facilitated Atlantic slavery and examine how European countries created and expanded laws that perpetuated colonisation.
Addressing key themes such as the incorporation of the formerly enslaved into post-slavery states and contemporary collective efforts to forget and/or remember slavery and its legacy in the Netherlands, this is an essential text for students of European history and postcolonial studies.
La Côte d'Ivoire: la réinvention de soi dans la violence/Côte d'Ivoire: the self-reinvention in violence
Francis Akindès and Alfred Babo
Alfred Babo is a contributing author, "Public Policy of Immigration and the Socio-political Crisis in Côte d'Ivoire / La politique publique de l’étranger et la crise sociopolitique en Côte d’Ivoire," p. 39-62
BOOK DESCRIPTION La grave crise sociopolitique qu’a connue la Côte d’Ivoire en septembre 2002 a déchaîné des passions politiques. Immigration, étranger, ethnonationalisme, nationalisme, patriotisme, guerre civile, jeunesse à risque. Voilà le corpus du vocabulaire à partir duquel est restitué ce qui arrive à la Côte d’Ivoire. Les efforts d’explication de la « crise » que traverse ce pays présenté dans un passé récent comme étant « relativement paisible » se déclinent surtout sur le registre de la surprise, rendant une fois encore compte du contrôle presque absolu des médias sur l’événementiel, avec finalement le risque de ne penser l’événement qu’à partir des canevas médiatiquement corrects. Cette capacité des professionnels de l’événementiel à fixer les mots dans lesquels l’histoire sociale doit être pensée complique la tache des sciences sociales et humaines en même temps qu’elle nous apparaît stimulante. La compréhension des situations complexes étant désormais confinée dans une confusion entre le simple et le simplifié, l’enjeu pour les sciences sociales et humaines est de reprendre les places qui sont les leurs en tentant de restituer les réalités sociales et politiques dans leur complexité. Les contributions qui composent cet ouvrage tentent justement de dépouiller les mots simples de leur excessive simplification pour aider à la compréhension des maux sociaux et politiques, voire du sens de l’histoire. Cet ouvrage se veut avant tout un regard de l’intérieur. Le défi, ici, est avec le recul nécessaire, de déconnecter le réel de l’idée de surprise qui empêche une plongée dans l’analyse en profondeur de réalités qui ne sont que les résultats d’un processus historique sur une durée relativement longue. Au coeur de ce processus se trouve le paradoxe d’une réinvention de soi dans la violence mais au nom de la démocratie. La crise postélectorale de 2010 et l’intensité de la violence qui la ponctue démontrent encore une fois tout l’intérêt de la thèse du paradoxe démocratie-violence et du présent exercice de son objectivation.
Katherine E. Hoffman, Susan Gilson Miller, and David Crawford
David Crawford is a contributing author, "Globalization Begins at Home: Children’s Wage Labor and the High Atlas Household”, pp 127-149.
Book description: Berbers and Others offers fresh perspectives on new forms of social and political activism in today's Maghrib. In recent years, the Amazigh (Berber) movement has become a focus of widespread political, social, and cultural attention in North Africa, Europe, and the United States. Berber groups have peacefully yet persistently laid claim to ownership over broad areas of creativity in the arts, politics, literature, education, and national memory. The contributors to this volume present some of the best new thinking in the emerging field of Berber studies, offering insight into historical antecedents, language usage, land rights, household economies, artistic production, and human rights. The scope, depth, and multidisciplinary approach will engage specialists on the Maghrib as well as students of ethnicity, social and political change, and cultural innovation.
Terry-Ann Jones and Eric Mielants
Mass Migration in the World-System offers diverse perspectives on the political, economic, social and environmental impact of international domestic migration. Written with a balance of quantitative, qualitative, and theoretical contributions and insights, this book brings to light the multiple experiences of migrants across different zones of the world economy. By engaging wide-ranging ideas and theoretical viewpoints of the migration process, the labor market for immigrants, and the rights of migrants, this book provides an important–and much needed–interdisciplinary perspective on the issues of mass migration. -- Publisher description.
Susan Slyomovics and David Crawford
David Crawford is a contributing author, "How Life is Hard: Visceral Notes on Meaning and Order", pp 199-217.
Book description: Between 1963 and 1986, eminent American anthropologists Clifford and Hildred Geertz - together and alone - conducted ethnographic fieldwork for varying periods in Sefrou, a town situated in north-central Morocco, south of Fez. This book considers Geertz’s contributions to sociocultural theory and symbolic anthropology. Clifford Geertz made an immense impact on the American academy: his interpretative and symbolic approaches reoriented anthropology analytically away from classic social science presuppositions, while his publications profoundly influenced both North American and Maghribi researchers alike. After his death at the age of 80 on October 30, 2006, scholars from local, national, and international universities gathered at the University of California, Los Angeles, to analyze his contributions to sociocultural theory and symbolic anthropology in relation to Islam; ideas of the sacred; Morocco’s cityscapes (notably Sefrou’s bazaar or suq); colonialism and post-independence economic development; gender, and political structures at the household and village levels. This book looks back to a specific era of American anthropology beginning in the 1960s as it unfolded in Morocco; and at the same time, the contributions examine new lines of enquiry that opened up after key texts by Geertz were translated into French and introduced to generations of francophone Maghribi researchers who sustain lively and inventive meditations on his Morocco writings.
This book was published as a special issue of Journal of North African Studies.
Partenariats scientifiques avec l’Afrique. Réflexions scientifiques de Suisses et d’ailleurs/Scientific Partnerships with Africa. Reflections of Swiss Scholars and Others
Yvan Droz, Anne Mayor, and Alfred Babo
Alfred Babo is a contributing author, "What Scientific and Academic Partnerships for African Universities Facing Crisis Conditions: the Case of Côte d'Ivoire / Quels partenariats scientifiques et académiques pour des universités africaines en crise: le cas de la Côte d’Ivoire," p.103-127
BOOK DESCRIPTION Le « knowledge gap » entre le Nord et le Sud, et plus partculièrement avec l'Afrique, continue de s'agrandir: baisse de la qualité de l'enseignement au Sud, conflits entre les gouvernements et les universités, augmentation du nombre d'étudiante- s sans amélioration des infrastructures ou de l'encadrement, fuite des cerveaux due à l'absence de valorisation et d'attractivité du métier de chercheur et d'enseignant, manque de compétence dans la gestion des programmes de recherche", Au vu de cette situation difficile, de nombreuses questions se posent: Quelles sont les raisons de l'échec des formes classiques du partenariat scientifique? Comment imaginer de nouvelles formes de partenariat avec l'Afrique? Comment les étendre au-delà du cas particulier? Ce recueil de textes explore le partenariat scientifique en sciences humaines, car ces dernières se trouvent généralement dans une position dominée au sein du champ scientifique, manquant des ressources qui président à de nombreux partenariats scientifiques dans le monde. Notre intérêt s'est focalisé ici sur les relations Nord-Sud et plus particulièrement sur les liens entre l'Afrique subsaharienne et la Suisse. Critiques pour la plupart, ces textes émanent de chercheurs africains et européens engagés dans la pratique de tels partenariats. Ils soulignent leurs contradictions, leurs travers et leurs difficultés. Ils proposent également - sans angélisme - quelques exemples de nouvelles pistes prometteuses.
John W. Frazier, Joe T. Darden, Norah F. Henry, and Terry-Ann Jones
Terry-Ann Jones is a contributing author, “Race, Place, and Social Mobility of Jamaicans in Toronto, Canada", pp. 81-90.
Book description: It has been approximately four centuries since the first African set foot in North America, and it is impossible for any text to capture the complete Black experience on the continent. Yet, as the 21st century begins, the persistent legacy of Black inequality and the winds of dramatic change are inseparable parts of the current African Diaspora in the United States and Canada. It is an onerous task to embrace both dimensions in a single text, especially given the two very different places. Despite the challenges these differences pose, it is worthwhile to explore the common experiences and problems shared by these two neighbors. In addition to providing a better understanding of Black experiences for other scholars, we hope that our collective effort will contribute to a dialogue among scholars and, in some modest way, contribute to the informed and difficult decisions of policymakers of both countries.
Caribbean Migration to Western Europe and the United States: Essays on Incorporation, Identity and Citizenship
Eric Mielants, Ramon Grosfoguel, and Margarita Cervantes-Rodriguez
Eric Mielants is a co-editor (with Ramón Grosfoguel and Margarita Cervantes-Rodríguez). In addition, Eric Mielants is a contributing author: “From the Periphery to the Core: A Case Study on the Migration and Incorporation of Recent Caribbean Immigrants in the Netherlands,” p. 58-93 and "Introduction: Caribbean Migrations to Western Europe and the United States,” p. 1-17 (with Ramón Grosfoguel and Margarita Cervantes-Rodríguez).
Book description: Caribbean Migration to Western Europe and the United States features a diverse group of scholars from across academic disciplines studying the transnational paths of Caribbean migration. How has the colonial path of the Caribbean influenced migration with regard to power relations, ethnic identities and transnational processes? Through a series of case studies, the contributors to this volume examine the experiences of Caribbean immigrants to Spain, France, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands as well as the United States. They show the demographic, socioeconomic, political and cultural impact migrants have, as well as their role in the development of transnational social fields. Caribbean Migration to Western Europe and the United States also examines how contrasting discourses of democracy and racism, xenophobia and globalization shape issues pertaining to citizenship and identity.
Aaron Podolefsky, Peter Brown, and Scott Lacy
Scott Lacy is a co-editor and a contributing author, "Moral Fibers of Farmer Collectives: Combating Poverty with Cotton in Southern Mali."
Book description: The ninth edition of Applying Cultural Anthropology: An Introductory Reader is a collection of articles that provide compelling examples of applied research in cultural anthropology. In this age of globalization and increased cultural intolerance, the basic messages of public anthropology are more important than ever. This new edition offers ten new readings that refer to contemporary social issues such as religious belief, work and family, social class, food production, relationships, consumerism, the effects of climate change on culture, and globalization.
***Winner: 2009 Julian Steward Award from the Anthropology and Environment section of the American Anthropological Association.
In the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, far from the hustle and noise of urban centers, lies a village made of mud and rock, barely discernible from the surrounding landscape. Yet a closer look reveals a carefully planned community of homes nestled above the trees, where rock slides are least frequent, and steep terraces of barley fields situated just above spring flood level. The Berber-speaking Muslims who live and farm on these precipitous mountainsides work together at the arduous task of irrigating the fields during the dry season, continuing a long tradition of managing land, labor, and other essential resources collectively. In Moroccan Households in the World Economy, David Crawford provides a detailed study of the rhythms of highland Berber life, from the daily routines of making a living in such a demanding environment to the relationships between individuals, the community, and the national economy.
Demonstrating a remarkably complete understanding of every household and person in the village, Crawford traces the intricacies of cooperation between households over time. Employing a calculus known as "arranging the bones," villagers attempt to balance inequality over the long term by accounting for fluctuations in the needs and capacities of each person, household, and family at different stages in its history. Tradition dictates that children "owe" labor to their parents and grandparents as long as they live, and fathers decide when and where the children in their household work. Some may be asked to work for distant religious lodges or urban relatives they haven't met because of a promise made by long-dead ancestors. Others must migrate to cities to work as wage laborers and send their earnings home to support their rural households.
While men and women leave their community to work, Morocco and the wider world come to the village in the form of administrators, development agents, and those representing commercial interests, all with their own agendas and senses of time. Integrating a classic village-level study that nevertheless engages with the realities of contemporary migration, Crawford succinctly summarizes common perceptions and misperceptions about the community while providing a salient critique of the global expansion of capital.
Michael Epstein and Kurt Schlichting
Kurt Schlichting is an Academic Advisor/Historian and on-screen Commentator.
The one-hour film tells the dramatic story of the famous landmark's construction through interviews with historians, architects, and engineers, while weaving in contemporary portraits from present day New Yorkers who describe their personal connections to Grand Central. Distributed by PBS Distribution. (60 minutes).
Charles A. Gallagher, Camille Z. Charles, Kimberly C. Torres, and Rachelle Brunn-Bevel
Rachelle Brunn (with Camille Charles and Kimberly Torres) is a contributing author, "Black Like Who? Exploring the racial, ethnic and class diversity of Black students at colleges and universities", pp. 247-266.
Book description: Racism in Post-Race America: New Theories, New Directions is a collection of peer-reviewed articles offering contemporary thought and analyses as well as direction for future research in the fields of sociology, political science, ethnicity and women's studies. An excellent graduate program curriculum as well as a must-read for anyone interested in discovering the implications of race in contemporary American society.
Jones finds that the experiences and socioeconomic progress of immigrants are largely dependent on their contexts of reception. She bases her findings on her study of Jamaican immigrants in Miami-Fort Lauderdale (South Florida) and Toronto (Canada). Of particular relevance are the racial and ethnic compositions of the two areas, their labor markets, and the immigration policies of the two countries. She compares the socioeconomic status of Jamaican immigrants in these two areas, using education, occupation, and income as the main indicators. Jamaicans in South Florida fare better in all three indicators than they do in Toronto. A primary reason for this is the presence of a large native-born blacks population in the U.S., creating a network for the Jamaicans.
William G. Martin, Eric Mielants, and Fouad Kalouche
Eric Mielants (with Fouad Kalouche) is a contributing author, “1968 and After: Transformations of the World-System and Antisystemic Movements,” p. 128-167.
Book description: Making Waves unearths the successive, worldwide waves of revolts, rebellions, and revolutions that have shaken and remade the world from the eighteenth century to the present. It challenges us to rethink not only our limited conceptions of social movements but the very character and possibilities of social movements.
The authors show how successive outbursts of global social protest have undermined world capitalist orders and, through both their successes and their failures, provided the basis for long periods of stable capitalist rule across all the zones of the world-economy.
The surprises start in the Age of Revolution, when the antisystemic wave of slave revolts that led to the Haitian Revolution is related to the systemic effects of their combination with the U.S. and French Revolutions. The analysis comes up to the present, when a wave of post-1989 movements points to quite divergent futures based, as in the past, on the search for alternatives to communities organized by capital accumulation, nation-states, and the accelerating commodification and fragmentation of human needs, identities, and desires.
William G. Moseley, Leslie C. Gray, and Scott Lacy
Scott Lacy is a contributing author, "Cotton Casualties and Collectives: Re-inventing Farmer Collectives at the Expense of Rural Malian Communities."
Book description: Hanging by a Thread: Cotton, Globalization, and Poverty in Africa illuminates the connections between Africa and the global economy. The editors offer a compelling set of linked studies that detail one aspect of the globalization process in Africa, the cotton commodity chain. From global policy debates, to impacts on the natural environment, to the economic and social implications of this process, Hanging by a Thread explores cotton production in the postcolonial period from different disciplinary perspectives and in a range of national contexts. This approach makes the globalization process palpable by detailing how changes at the macroeconomic level play out on the ground in the world’s poorest region. Hanging by a Thread offers new insights on the region in a global context and provides a critical perspective on current and future development policy for Africa.
Khaldoun Samman, Mazhar Al-Zoby, Eric Mielants, and Fouad Kalouche
Eric Mielants (with Fouad Kalouche) is a contributing author, "The Significance of Religious or Ethnic Movements in the 21st century World-System: from South Asia to the Low Countries," p. 129-153.
Book description: Featuring Immanuel Wallerstein, Joseph Massad, Marnia Lazreg, and other well-known and emerging new authors, this book seeks a more accurate understanding of Islam and Islamic societies’ role and relations to global cultural and economic realities. The book confronts a trend today of analyzing Islam as a “cultural system” that stands outside of, and even predates, modernity. The authors see this trend as part of a racist discourse unaware of the realities of contemporary Islam. Islamic societies today are products of the world capitalist system and cannot be understood as being separate from its forces. The authors offer a more carefully constructed and richer portrait of Islamic societies today while forcefully challenging the belief that Islam is not part of, nor much affected by, the modern world-system.
Nabil Boudraa, Joseph Krause, and David Crawford
David Crawford is a contributing author, "Making Imazighen: Rural Berber Women, Household Organization, and the Production of Free Men", pp 329-346.
Book description: This book’s ambition is to offer the most recent scholarship on North African cultures at a time when the very notion of culture is being re-evaluated in the shifting tides that both associate and divorce the forces of nationalism, globalism and neo-liberalism. Another ambition is to be a readable document about the past and the potential of North African civilizations. Those which have been crystallized into a polysemic voice from centuries of occupations, exchanges and what is now commonly called hybridizations. In this work the collective position of the authors, with their different fields of experience, is that the languages, musics, and the many expressions of common life in North Africa continue to flourish. That they are a bridge between sub-Saharan peoples and Europe. That they are a necessary antidote to the anemic political discourses that have prevailed since decolonization. That they are seminal for the future of the African continent as it begins its true voyage into democracy. It is difficult, at this juncture, to measure the distance that, in the decades to come, will be achieved on that voyage. It is, however, less difficult to evaluate the importance of North Africa on tomorrow’s world. If the past is an indicator, it will be an important force in the cross-flow of trade, ideas and of global destinies.
William Darity Jr. and Eric Mielants
Eric Mielants is a contributing author, “Immanuel Wallerstein,” p. 9-11 and “Andre Gunder Frank,” p. 187-188.
Book description: The entirely new International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences covers scholarship and fields that have emerged and matured since the publication of the original international edition. Like its predecessors, the set meets the needs of high school and college students, researchers inside and outside academia, and lay readers in public libraries.
The new set highlights the expanding influence of economics in social science research and features nearly 3,000 entirely new articles and important biographies contributed by thousands of scholars (including several Nobel prize winners) from around the world on a wide array of global topics, including: achievement testing, censorship, personality measurement, aging, income distribution, foreign aid (political and economic aspects), food (world problems, consumption patterns), cultural adaptation, comparative health-care systems, terrorism, political correctness, agricultural innovation, legislation of morality, sexual violence and exploitation, white collar crime.
The new 2nd edition also features biographical profiles of the major contributors to the study of the social sciences, past and present.
Mark Herkenrath, Eric Mielants, and Jeffrey Kentor
Eric Mielants (with Jeffrey Kentor) is a contributing author, "Connecting the Global and Local: The Impact of Globalization on Civil Society: 1990-2000," p. 27-52.
Book description: While contributing to social inequality and environmental degradation, recent global transformations have also strengthened civil society groups opposing these trends. Yet, as they need to transform the existing social order from within, groups struggling for social justice face various strategic dilemmas. The articles in this volume examine these dilemmas and discuss possible solutions. Issues addressed include North-South disparities in what has been called "global civil society", and the precarious division of labor between local grassroots organizers and transnational coalition-builders.
Eric Mielants provides a fresh, interdisciplinary interpretation of the origins of modernity in general and of capitalism in particular. He argues that, contrary to established thinking, the "Rise of the West" should not be examined through the lens of the Industrial Revolution or the colonization of the New World but viewed through long-term developments that began in the Middle Ages.
A fascinating overview of civilizations in East Asia, South Asia, and northwestern Africa is provided and then systematically compared to developments in Europe at the same time. Utilizing this analysis, the book addresses some of the most important current debates in world history, comparative sociology, political economy, sociological theory and historical sociology. Mielants uncovers the ways that existing theories (such as Marxism, World-Systems Theory, and Smithian Modernization Theory) have suffered from either Eurocentric or limited temporal and spatial analyses, preventing them from fully explaining the reasons behind the emergence of capitalism in Western Europe.
Robert Fletcher and David Crawford
David Crawford is a contributing author, "The Temporality of Resistance."
Book description: This thought-provoking book is divided into two parts, each of which contains four chapters. In Part I, titled “Rethinking Resistance,” contributors assert that “resistance” continues to hold utility as both an analytic concept and mode of action in the world, and therefore demands renewed engagement. Part II contains essays that offer novel frames for addressing progressive social change that might serve to replace “resistance” entirely, and thus is entitled “Thinking Beyond.”
John W. Frazier, Eugene L. Tetty-Fio, Thomas D. Boswell, and Terry-Ann Jones
Terry-Ann Jones (with Thomas D. Boswell) is a contributing author, “The Distribution and Socioeconomic Status of West Indians Living in the United States”, pp. 155-180 [Part II, Chapter 13].
Ines Miyares, Christopher Airriess, Thomas D. Boswell, and Terry-Ann Jones
Terry-Ann Jones (with Thomas D. Boswell) is a contributing author, "Caribbean Hispanics: Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and Dominicans”, pp. 123-150.
Book description: Ethnic diversity has marked the United States from its inception. From the migration of the ancestors of Native Americans to the increasingly diverse immigrant populations arriving today, it is impossible to separate ethnicity from an understanding of the United States as a country and "Americans" as a people. At an ever-increasing pace, America today is experiencing watershed changes in its social, cultural, and ethnic/racial geographies. Considering the impact of these transformations, this unique text examines the experiences of a range of ethnic groups in both historical and contemporary context. It begins by laying out a comprehensive conceptual framework that integrates immigration theory; globalization; transnational community formation; and urban, cultural, and economic geography. The contributors then present a rich set of case studies of key ethnic and racial communities—including those of long-standing significance such as Native Americans, African Americans, and Mexican Americans, along with the Latin American and Asian groups that make up the vast majority of newer immigrants. Each case offers a brief historical overview of the group's immigration experience and settlement patterns and discusses its contemporary dynamics. All of these people have transformed—and been transformed by—the places in which they have settled. Exploring these changing communities, places, and landscapes, this book offers a nuanced understanding of the evolution of America's contemporary ethnic geographies.