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The synthesis and characterization of the clusters Au13[PPh3]4[S(CH2)11CH3]2Cl2 (1) and Au13[PPh3]4[S(CH2)11CH3]4 (2) are described. These mixed-ligand, sub-nanometer clusters, prepared via exchange of dodecanethiol onto phosphine-halide gold clusters, show enhanced stability relative to the parent. The characterization of these clusters features the precise determination of the number of gold atoms in the cluster cores using high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy, allowing the assignment of 13 gold atoms (±3 atoms) to the composition of both cluster molecules. Electrochemical and optical measurements reveal discrete molecular orbital levels and apparent energy gaps of 1.6−1.7 eV for the two cluster molecules. The electrochemical measurements further indicate that the Au13[PPh3]4[S(CH2)11CH3]2Cl2 cluster undergoes an overall two-electron reduction. The electrochemical and spectroscopic properties of the two Au13 cluster molecules are compared with those of a secondary synthetic product, which proved to be larger Au thiolate-derivatized monolayer-protected clusters with an average core of Au180. The latter shows behavior fully consistent with the adoption of metallic-like properties.


Copyright 2006 American Chemical Society

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Journal of Physical Chemistry B

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Menard , Laurent D.; Gao, Sheng-Peng; Xu, Huiping; Twesten, Ray D.; Harper, Amanda S.; Song, Yang; Wang, Gangli; Douglas, Alicia D.; Yang, Judith C.; Frenkel, Anatoly I.; Nuzzo, Ralph G.; Murray, Royce W. “Sub-Nanometer Au Monolayer-Protected Clusters Exhibiting Molecule-like Electronic Behavior: Quantitative High-Angle Annular Dark-Field Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy and Electrochemical Characterization of Clusters with Precise Atomic Stoichiometry.” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2006, 110 (26), 12874-12883.



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