Research suggests many shared clinical features across individuals with Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), including problems with attention/ executive functioning and mood. Therefore, aspects of these areas of functioning were compared in SPD and BPD to better characterize their respective difficulties. BPD, SPD, and healthy control (HC) participants were administered measures of cognitive and mood functioning. Compared with healthy controls, SPD patients performed significantly worse on aspects of the Delayed-Matching- to-Sample task, a measure of short-term visual memory abilities; however, the individuals with BPD did not differ from healthy controls. Neither of the patient groups differed from HC’s on measures of processing speed or planning. With regard to mood functioning, the BPD group exhibited significantly higher levels of affective disturbance (e.g., sadness, fear, anger) compared with the SPD patients and HCs. Overall, findings suggest different patterns of fronto-subcortical weakness in each patient group. While SPD patients exhibited relative weakness with short-term memory, BPD patient performance on such measures did not reveal relative weakness compared with HCs but did implicate problems with mood.
Goldstein, Kim E.; Berlin, Heather A.; Hamilton, Holly K.; Mitsis, Effie M.; McClure, Margaret M.; Savage, Kimberly R.; Blair, Nicholas J.; Feder, Michelle R.; Siever, Larry J.; New, Antonia S.; and Hazlett, Erin A., "Cognitive and mood functioning in borderline and schizotypal personality disorders" (2016). Psychology Faculty Publications. 21.
Goldstein, K. E., Berlin, H. A., Hamilton, H. K,. Mitsis, E. M., McClure, M. M., Savage, K. R., Blair, N. J., Feder, M. R., Siever, L. J., New, A. S., & Hazlett, E. A. (2016). Cognitive and mood functioning in borderline and schizotypal personality disorders. Psychology, vol.7, no.3, 292-299.