Crosscurrents in the River of Time: Conceptualizing the Complexities of Women's Careers
Women face a complex panorama of choices and constraints in their career and life development. This article presents an approach to the understanding of women's careers that (a) takes into account non-work as well as work issues; (b) incorporates subjective as well as objective measures of career and life success; (c) incorporates the influence of personal, organizational, and societal factors on women's choices and outcomes; and (d) does not assume that women's careers go through a predictable sequence of stages over time. Such an approach is vastly different from traditional models of men's careers. Implications of this approach for research, organizations, and men's careers are discussed.
Journal of Management
Powell, G. N. and Mainiero, Lisa A., "Crosscurrents in the River of Time: Conceptualizing the Complexities of Women's Careers" (1993). Business Faculty Publications. 67.
Powell, G.N., and Mainiero, L.A. 1993."Crosscurrents in the River of Time: Conceptualizing the Complexities of Women's Careers." Journal of Management, Yearly Review, 18(2), 215 - 238