Effects of resources and trophic interactions on freshwater bacterioplankton diversity
In a study of bacterioplankton in an oligotrophic lake in northern Wisconsin, a community fingerprinting technique, automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA), was used to determine the effect of resources and trophic interactions on bacterioplankton diversity. Inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus (NP), carbon in the form of glucose (G) or dissolved organic matter extracted from peat (DOM), and carbon and NP in combination were added to two types of experimental systems. Ten-liter mesocosms contained all components of the original aquatic community except for large zooplankton. One-liter dilution cultures were prepared so that the effects of grazers and phytoplankton were removed. During a 3-day incubation, bacterial production showed the greatest response to the carbon plus NP treatment in both experimental systems, but bacterial diversity was strikingly different between them. In the mesocosms, the number of ARISA-PCR fragments averaged 41 per profile, whereas the dilution culture communities were highly reduced in complexity, dominated in most cases by a single PCR fragment. Further analysis of the mesocosm data suggested that whereas the NPDOM addition caused the greatest aggregate bacterial growth response, the addition of NP alone caused the largest shifts in community composition. These results suggest that the measurement of aggregate responses, such as bacterial production, alone in studies of freshwater bacterial communities may mask the effects of resources on bacterioplankton.
Fisher, M. M.; Klug, Jennifer L.; Lauster, G.; Newton, M.; and Triplett, E. W., "Effects of resources and trophic interactions on freshwater bacterioplankton diversity" (2000). Biology Faculty Publications. 54.
Fisher, M. M., Klug, J. L., Lauster, G., Newton, M., & Triplett, E. W. (2000). Effects of resources and trophic interactions on freshwater bacterioplankton diversity. Microbial Ecology, 40(2), 125-138. doi:10.1007/s002480000049.