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As capitalist economies have shifted their primary focus from providing goods and services for all, to concentrating wealth at the top echelons of societies, social entrepreneurs have been one source of re-capturing the original intent of capitalism. Social entrepreneurs have combined the efficiency and effectiveness of business organizations with the social concerns of many non-profit and governmental agencies. As a result, social entrepreneurship is viewed as having significant potential for alleviating many of the social ills we now face. To accomplish this mission, however, will require expansion of social enterprises beyond their current footprints. We explore alternate methods of expansion, scaling and replication, and then examine potential catalysts, which can enable social entrepreneurs to attain their goals of social improvement. The catalysts we identify are effectual logic, enhanced legitimacy through appropriate reporting metrics, and information technology. We conclude with two brief case studies that exemplify how these catalysts are currently working to enhance the effectiveness of social start-ups.


Copyright 2009 Springer-Verlag

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Publication Title

Journal of Business Ethics

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VanSandt, Craig V, Sud,Mukesh & Marme,Christopher, (2009). “Enabling the Original Intent: Catalysts for Social Entrepreneurship” Journal of Business Ethics, 90 (Supplement 3), pp. 419-428. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-010-0419-z



Peer Reviewed