Geometric Modeling of Engineered Abrasive Processes

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One of the common issues that arises in abrasive machining is the inconsistency of the surface roughness within the same batch and under identical machining conditions. Recent advances in engineered abrasives have allowed replacement of the random arrangement of minerals on conventional belts with precisely shaped structures uniformly cast directly onto a backing material. This allows for abrasive belts that are more deterministic in shape, size, distribution, orientation, and composition. A computer model based on known tooling geometry was developed to approximate the asymptotic surface profile that was achievable under specific loading conditions. Outputs included the theoretical surface parameters, Rq, Ra, Rv, Rp, Rt, and Rsk. Experimental validation was performed with a custom-made abrader apparatus and using engineered abrasives on highly polished aluminum samples. Interferometric microscopy was used in assessing the surface roughness. Results include the individual effects of pyramid base width, pyramid height, attack angle, and indentation depth on the surface descriptors.


Copyright 2005 Society of Manufacturing Engineers

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Publication Title

ournal of Manufacturing Processes

Published Citation

Carrano, Andres L., and James B. Taylor. "Geometric modeling of engineered abrasive processes." Journal of Manufacturing Pprocesses 7, no. 1 (2005): 17-27.



Peer Reviewed