Document Type


Article Version

Publisher's PDF

Publication Date

Spring 2017


This article explores how Mariana Rondón’s award-winning Venezuelan film Pelo malo (2013) reveals the inner workings of private relationships and language, representing what Bourdieu termed “symbolic violence”. Pelo malo challenges the exponential celebratory boom in Venezuelan state - supported filmmaking as the Chávez administration turned to cinema to narrate the nation. Despite the excitement and increase in state-sponsored filmmaking and the Chávez era’s nation-building discourse, Pelo malo exposes the limits of Chávez’ imagined community in both the film’s plot and its post-production trajectory.

Publication Title

Cincinnati Romance Review

Published Citation

Farrell, Michelle Leigh. “Pelo malo: Representing Symbolic Violence in the Intricacies of Venezuela’s Contemporary Film Landscape”, Cincinnati Romance Review, Volume 42 Spring 2017: (190-210).

Peer Reviewed