Prostate cancer update: when to screen, how to treat

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In American men, prostate cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death. Confirmed risk factors for prostate cancer include increased age, African-American ethnicity, and having first-degree relatives with the disease; high fat consumption may also be implicated. Appropriate screening begins with digital rectal examination and measurement of prostate-specific antigen; biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis. Watchful waiting, surgery, and radiation are standard treatment options. Adverse effects of the more aggressive therapies include urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.


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Publication Title

Clinician Reviews

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Wallace, M. (2004). Prostate cancer update: when to screen, how to treat. Clinician Reviews, 14(8), 45-52.