Center of Mass Motion of Short-Range Correlated Nucleon Pairs studied via the A (e, e′ p p) Reaction
Short-range correlated (SRC) nucleon pairs are a vital part of the nucleus, accounting for almost all nucleons with momentum greater than the Fermi momentum (kF). A fundamental characteristic of SRC pairs is having large relative momenta as compared to kF, and smaller center of mass (c.m.) which indicates a small separation distance between the nucleons in the pair. Determining the c.m. momentum distribution of SRC pairs is essential for understanding their formation process. We report here on the extraction of the c.m. motion of proton-proton (pp) SRC pairs in carbon and, for the first time in heavier and ansymetric nuclei: aluminum, iron, and lead, from measurements of the A(e,e′pp) reaction. We find that the pair c.m. motion for these nuclei can be described by a three-dimensional Gaussian with a narrow width ranging from 140 to 170 MeV/c, approximately consistent with the sum of two mean-field nucleon momenta. Comparison with calculations appears to show that the SRC pairs are formed from mean-field nucleons in specific quantum states.
Physical Review Letters
Cohen, E. O.; Biselli, Angela; and CLAS Collaboration, "Center of Mass Motion of Short-Range Correlated Nucleon Pairs studied via the A (e, e′ p p) Reaction" (2018). Physics Faculty Publications. 163.
Cohen, E. O., O. Hen, E. Piasetzky, L. B. Weinstein, M. Duer, A. Schmidt, I. Korover, Biselli, A., et al [CLAS Collaboration]. "Center of Mass Motion of Short-Range Correlated Nucleon Pairs studied via the A (e, e′ p p) Reaction." Physical review letters 121, no. 9 (2018): 092501. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.092501