Cardinal Henry Edward Manning emerged as the leader of the British Catholic community in denouncing Prince Otto von Bismarck's anti-Catholic Kulturkampf in Germany. In "Caesar and Ultramontanism" Manning publicly denounced Bismarck's policy and offered a cogent argument in support of church authority.
von Arx, Jeffrey P., "ARCHBISHOP MANNING AND THE KULTURKAMPF" (1992). History Faculty Publications. 34.
von Arx S.J., Jeffrey P. "ARCHBISHOP MANNING AND THE KULTURKAMPF". Recusant History; Oct1992, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p254-266, 13p