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Abstract

From 1946-1990, Albania was a Stalinist regime in which the state imprisoned, exiled, and executed dissidents routinely. After its fall, there rose a fragile democracy which civil society is charged with strengthening. A healthy civil society is essential to democratization and global citizenship, but Albania’s experience with communism deteriorated the people’s trust; it left a fearful population with a political culture and values unsuited for a democratic society with global citizenship, thus crippling civil society. While it has had some successes, Albanian civil society post-1990 has been largely ineffective in helping Albania to democratize because its internal structure and external environment are influenced by the Communist legacy.

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