This collection features books and book contributions written by faculty in the Department of English at Fairfield University.
Peter L. Bayers
The thrills and chills of mountaineering literature have long attracted a devoted audience of serious climbers, adventure-seekers, and armchair enthusiasts. In recent decades, scholars have come to view these tales of prowess and fortitude as texts laden with ideological meaning. In Imperial Ascent, a comparative study of seven such twentieth-century mountaineering narratives, Peter L. Bayers articulates the multiple and varied ways mountaineering and its literature have played in the formation and maintenance of national identity. By examining such works as Belmore Browne's The Conquest of Mount McKinley and Sir John Hunt's The Ascent of Everest, Bayers contends that for American and British climbers, mountaineering is tied to imperial ideology and dominant notions of masculinity. At the same time, he demonstrates how Tiger of the Snows,, Sherpa Tenzing Norgay's account of climbing Mount Everest, undermines Western conceptions of mountaineering and imperialism. Throughout this theoretically informed critique, Bayers manages to retain the sense of awe and adventure inherent in the original works, making Imperial Ascent a highly engaging read.
Joseph Conrad, Barry Unsworth, and Nels C. Pearson
Nels Pearson contributed the explanatory notes, pp. 221-237.
Book description: These powerful stories, as Conrad critic Paul Kirschner has observed, present “a chiaroscuro of sea and land life in an alternating rhythm of hope and despair.” In “Typhoon,” a storm upends a captain’s complacency, hurling him and his crew into a terrifying battle with nature. “Amy Foster” tells the story of an Eastern European immigrant shipwrecked off the coast of England, and his ultimately doomed love affair with the dim-witted Amy Foster. In “Falk,” the protagonist harbors a terrible secret that inhibits his ability to confront the woman he loves and find the wife he longs for. And in “Tomorrow,” the son of a retired sea captain, who has been waiting years for his boy to come home, finally returns, but only because he is destitute and needs money.
Michael S. Kimmel, Amy Aronson, and David Alan Sapp
David A. Sapp is a contributing author, “(Leroy) Eldridge Cleaver.”, pp. 154-157.
Book description: The first encyclopedia to analyze, summarize, and explain the complexities of men's lives and the idea of modern manhood. The stereotypes of men in popular culture, from hairy-chested movie stars to rough-hewn heroes, do not alone represent masculinity. In fact, there are many ways to define masculine behavior, from revealing one's feminine side to consuming vast quantities of beer. Now, leading scholars explore the origins, structures, and dynamics of masculinity in a unique reference work.
The process of "making masculinity visible" has been going on for over two decades and has produced a prodigious and interesting body of work. But until now the subject has had no authoritative reference source. Men & Masculinities, a pioneering two-volume work, corrects the oversight by summarizing the latest historical, biological, cross-cultural, psychological, and sociological research on the subject. It also looks at literature, art, and music from a gender perspective. The contributors are experts in their specialties and their work is directed, organized, and coedited by one of the premier scholars in the field, Michael Kimmel.
The coverage brings together for the first time considerable knowledge of men and manhood, focusing on such areas as sexual violence, intimacy, pornography, homophobia, sports, profeminist men, rituals, sexism, and many other important subjects. Clearly, this unique reference is a valuable guide to students, teachers, writers, policymakers, journalists, and others who seek a fuller understanding of gender in the United States. -- Publisher description.
Angela Watrous and Sonya Huber
Sonya Huber is a contributing author, "Just Another Anarchist Antichrist Godless-Commie Catholic."
Book description: Whether raised within a specific belief system or warned against all things religious, young women today have been left with questions that dating guides and pop feminist theory cannot answer. This collection answers the call—a handbook for the soul that offers the wisdom and validation of how a variety of women negotiate an empowering spiritual existence in a pop-culture world.
In Bare Your Soul, women of all backgrounds and traditions share how investigating questions of spirituality affects their lives and their identities. It is a provocative look at the ways in which young women of today both celebrate and repudiate religion—and, ultimately, find answers that fit. One woman shares her practice as a Shiite Muslim and how it intersects and collides with her personal relationships. A woman raised within the Black Baptist community finally finds a spiritual connection with the Unitarian Church—then struggles to balance spiritual fulfillment with her desire to see other Black faces in her place of worship. A young mother speaks to the challenges brought on when play dates bring together her family's religion—feminist Goddess-worship—and that of her children's fundamentalist Christian friends. A Western feminist who has converted to Buddhism attempts to reconcile her gender identity with a philosophy that renders gender irrelevant, and one woman argues that the Church of Consumerism is all she needs.
A compelling, much-needed anthology, this collection offers balanced, insiders' information on a wide spectrum of traditions and practices, allowing readers to make informed, intelligent spiritual choices for themselves.
Elizabeth H. Boquet
In Noise from the Writing Center, Boquet develops a theory of "noise" and excess as an important element of difference between the pedagogy of writing centers and the academy in general. Addressing administrative issues, Boquet strains against the bean-counting anxiety that seems to drive so much of writing center administration. Pedagogically, she urges a more courageous practice, developed via metaphors of music and improvisation, and argues for "noise," excess, and performance as uniquely appropriate to the education of writers and tutors in the center. Personal, even irreverent in style, Boquet is also theoretically sophisticated, and she draws from an eclectic range of work in academic and popular culture-from Foucault to Attali to Jimi Hendrix. She includes, as well, the voices of writing center tutors with whom she conducted research, and she finds some of her most inspiring moments in the words and work of those tutors. A provocative and path-breaking essay from one of the leading scholars in writing center theory and administration, Noise from the Writing Center is a must-read volume not only for writing center directors and tutors, but also for WPAs, department chairs, compositionists, and anyone with a stake in the role of writing centers in the post-secondary institution.
Paula Gillepsie, Alice Gillam, Byron Stay, and Elizabeth H. Boquet
Elizabeth Boquet is a contributing author, "Disciplinary Action: The Making of a Writing Center Researcher."
Book description: There are writing centers at almost every college and university in the United States, and there is an emerging body of professional discourse, research, and writing about them. The goal of this book is to open, formalize, and further the dialogue about research in and about writing centers. The original essays in this volume, all written by writing center researchers, directly address current concerns in several ways: they encourage studies, data collection, and publication by offering detailed, reflective accounts of research; they encourage a diversity of approaches by demonstrating a range of methodologies (e.g., ethnography, longitudinal case study; rhetorical analysis, teacher research) available to both veteran and novice writing center professionals; they advance an ongoing conversation about writing center research by explicitly addressing epistemological and ethical issues. The book aims to encourage and guide other researchers, while at the same time offering new knowledge that has resulted from the studies it analyzes.
Dale Bauer, Philip Gould, and Elizabeth A. Petrino
Elizabeth Petrino is a contributing author, "Nineteenth-Century American Women's Poetry", pp 122-142.
Book description: Providing an overview of the history of writing by women in the period, this companion examines contextually the work of a variety of women writers, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Rebecca Harding Davis and Louisa May Alcott. The volume provides several valuable tools for students, including a chronology of works and suggestions for further reading.
Chapter description: The study of nineteenth-century American women’s poetry is undergoing a renaissance. Aside from Emily Dickinson, nineteenth-century female poets were largely forgotten until the archival investigations of the 1970s, when they were rediscovered and examined by several critics. Despite the already extensive effort to reprint women’s poems, write their critical biographies, pioneer new and more useful anthologies, and compile lengthy and inclusive encyclopedias, scholars have only begun to examine critical approaches to women’s poems and the assumptions they bring to bear on reading and teaching women’s writing. What do these anthologies tell us about nineteenthcentury American women’s writing? How should we judge their poetry? In “Nineteenth-Century American Women Poets Revisited”(1998),Cheryl Walker contends that women’s writing contains more stylistic variety and vocal complexity than previously ascribed. In The Nightingale’s Burden (1982), she identifies several persistent types of poems: the “sanctuary” poem, in which the protagonist finds freedom in a shelter; the power fantasy; the “free bird” poem, in which the speaker identifies with a bird in flight and symbolically imagines freeing herself; and the marriage poem. Although her essay still identifies generic features in women’s poems, Walker advocates dividing women’s poetry into four temporal and stylistic categories: early national, romantic, realist, and modern. Early national poets, like Lydia Sigourney, appeal to piety and reason, praise decorum, and base their belief in human dignity on democracy.
Jill Corral, Lisa Miya-Jervis, and Sonya Huber
Sonya Huber is a contributing author, "Raw Material."
Gregory Eiselein, Anne K. Phillips, and Emily J. Orlando
Emily J. Orlando is a contributing author, “An Old-Fashioned Girl,” “Jo March,” and “Transcendentalism".
This reference surveys the basic biographical details about Alcott's family and personal life. It supplies essential information on her historical and cultural contexts, including her place in the 19th century publishing milieu, various reform movements, and major historical events, such as the Civil War. It also treats her writings, both the adult and children's works, in an accurate, informative, and accessible manner. The volume includes more than 600 alphabetically arranged entries. Each entry discusses the topic's relevance to Alcott's life and current scholarship about her. Many of the entries close with brief bibliographies, and the book concludes with a list of works for further reading. --Publisher description
Gregory Eiselein, Anne K. Phillips, and Elizabeth A. Petrino
Elizabeth Petrino is a contributing author, “Elizabeth Barrett Browning,” “Annie Fields,” and “Girlhood,” entries, 44-45, 106-107, 120-122.
Book description: Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) is arguably the most widely read 19th-century author in America. Even through the 1990s, her books continued to appear on bestseller lists and her works were made into films. She has long been a staple of children's literature courses and now also receives significant attention in American studies and women's studies classes. While her tremendous popularity has yielded numerous biographies and a growing number of critical works, very few reference books have been devoted to Alcott studies and none are particularly current or complete. This book collects in a comprehensive and reliable single volume the most important facts about Alcott's life and works. This reference surveys the basic biographical details about Alcott's family and personal life. It supplies essential information on her historical and cultural contexts, including her place in the 19th century publishing milieu, various reform movements, and major historical events, such as the Civil War. It also treats her writings, both the adult and children's works, in an accurate, informative, and accessible manner. The volume includes more than 600 alphabetically arranged entries. Each entry discusses the topic's relevance to Alcott's life and current scholarship about her. Many of the entries close with brief bibliographies, and the book concludes with a list of works for further reading.
John Bradley and Sonya Huber
Sonya Huber is a contributing author, "All in the Family."
Book description: Atomic energy is not only invisible, it has been cloaked in secrecy by government, industry, and the military. Yet for many Americans the effects of radiation have been less than secret. Just ask the radium workers in Ottawa, Illinois, the "downwinders" of Utah, or unsuspecting veterans of the Gulf War. When told from the perspective of ordinary people, nuclear history takes on a much different tone from that of the tranquil voices of authority who always told us we had nothing to fear. In Learning to Glow, twenty-four essays testify to many of the unsuspected human and environmental costs of atomic science. They show that Americans have paid a terrible price for supposedly "winning" the Cold War--for although the nuclear nightmare may be over, we are still living with nuclear threats every day. Writers such as Scott Russell Sanders, Terry Tempest Williams, and Barbara Kingsolver reveal the psychic and emotional fallout of the Cold War and of subsequent developments in nuclear science. The essays include personal testimonies of what it was like to grow up with family members in nuclear-related jobs; hard-hitting journalism on the health and environmental costs of our nuclear policies and practices; and poignant stories of coming to terms with nuclear power, including contributions by writers who revisit Hiroshima in an attempt to heal the wounds left by the Bomb. These essays offer an alternative to the official version of nuclear history as told to us by school textbooks, government authorities, and nuclear industry officials. They are stories of and by ordinary people who have suffered the consequences of the decisions made by those in power-stories that have been largely ignored, dismissed, or suppressed. They will challenge readers to re-examine their preconceptions about the way we deal with issues of nuclear arms and radioactive waste because they show that nuclear history does not belong to experts but to us all.
SusanMarie Harrington, Michael Day, Rebecca Rickly, and Betsy Bowen
Betsy Bowen is a contributing author, “Composition, collaboration, and computer-mediated conferencing”, pp. 129-145.
Book description: This book is designed for writing teachers who teach in online environments—primarily networked computer labs and the Internet—and for writing teachers who would like to teach in such spaces. All the contributors write from their own teaching, research, or administrative experience, and all tell their stories in a rich theoretical context that will allow readers to see the relationship between theory, context and practice. The chapters serve as descriptive guides to teaching practices to help the reader find ways to use online activities to further their own pedagogical goals within their own specific contexts.
Geoff White and Sonya Huber
Sonya Huber is a contributing author, "Tough Customers: Business’ Plan to Corner the Student Market" and "Faculty Workers: Tenure on the Corporate Assembly Line."
Book description: The university, as a core institution of democratic society, is increasingly threatened by the intrusion of big business. Corporations are working their way into academe in subtle and obvious ways: granting of exclusive concessions rights on campus to a softdrink manufacturer; use of a major portion of the resources, faculty, and research efforts of university departments by a particular company in exchange for modest funding; university administrators whose salaries are often doubled for service on the boards of important corporate contributors. Compounding the problem is the growing scarcity of public funding, which makes universities vulnerable to the lure of big money from pharmaceutical and biotechnology firms, computer giants, and wealthy private donors.
Can faculty members remain independent under such heavy corporate influence? How does big money influence the direction of research? These are among the serious questions raised by the revealing articles in this thought-provoking and disturbing collection. Campus, Inc. exposes this new form of corporate welfare through hard research. More importantly, it emphasizes the necessity of preserving the democratic character of the university with its independent inquiry, diversity of viewpoints, and disinterested expertise. The authors also provide real and replicable examples, from the front-line of the movement, of actions that have been taken against campus corporatization: Successful efforts to take universities off the corporate auction block are becoming more common. A new era of student activism has helped roll back the sale of sweatshop-produced items in campus stores; the re-emergence of unions has helped faculty organize to prevent "hostile takeovers" of our publicly funded institutions; and effective strategies to redemocratize the university are increasingly available.
Meg Woolbright, Lynn Briggs, and Elizabeth H. Boquet
Elizabeth Boquet is a contributing author, "Intellectual Tug-of-War: Snapshots of Life in the Center.”
The Jukebox Queen of Malta is an exquisite and enchanting novel of love and war set on an island perilously balanced between what is real and what is not. It's 1942 and Rocco Raven, an intrepid auto mechanic turned corporal from Brooklyn, has arrived in Malta, a Mediterranean island of Neolithic caves, Copper Age temples, and fortresses. The island is under siege, full of smoke and rubble, caught in the magnesium glare of German and Italian bombs. But nothing is as it seems on Malta. Rocco's living quarters are a brothel; his commanding officer has a genius for turning the war's misfortunes into personal profit; and the Maltese people, astonishingly, testify to the resiliency of the human spirit. When Rocco meets the beautiful and ethereal Melita, who delivers the jukeboxes her cousin builds out of shattered debris, they are drawn to each other by an immediate passion. And, it is their full-blown affair that at once liberates and imprisons Rocco on the island. In this mesmerizing novel, music and bombs, war and romance, the jukebox and the gun exist in arresting counterpoint in a story that is a profound and deeply moving exploration of the redemptive powers of love. – Publisher description.
Elizabeth A. Petrino
Book description: An interdisciplinary examination of the poet, her milieu, and the ways she and her contemporaries freed their work from cultural limitations. For many years, Emily Dickinson's cryptic verse was viewed as an isolated phenomenon, the poet herself an enigma whose motivations and influences were shrouded in mystery. Eschewing such stereotypes, Elizabeth A. Petrino places the Belle of Amherst within the context of other nineteenth-century women poets and examines the feminist implications of their work. Dickinson and contemporaries like Lydia Sigourney, Louisa May Alcott, and Helen Hunt Jackson developed in their writing a rhetoric of duplicity that enabled them to question conventional values but still maintain the propriety necessary to achieve publication. To demonstrate these strategies, Petrino examines both Dickinson's poetry and a range of "women's" genres, from the child elegy to the discourse of flowers. She also enlists contemporary magazines, unpublished professional correspondence, even gravestone inscriptions and posthumous paintings of children to explain what Petrino calls the most significant fact of Dickinson's literary biography, her decision not to publish. In the end, we see how, "these poets create a kind of cultural palimpsest, writing and rewriting central tropes about death, marriage and motherhood, and the power and function of consolatory verse, barely visible under the erasures of literary history. Set against a new and recently recovered tradition of female verse writing, Dickinson's central place in the canon and her position as a consummate artist are clearly affirmed."
Whitney Scott and Sonya Huber
Sonya Huber is a contributing author, "Breath."
Book description: Third in the "black and white" series, this is a richly textured mosaic of fiction, poetry and essays from authors across the nation and the world. The writings in this collection celebrate and question freedom and its responsibilities —challenge our concepts about "being free" and making choices—show us prisoners of war, of governmental policy, of societal prejudice, of jealousy and greed, of lies and laws and memories—and those who have made their way to freedom.
Gail Tayko, John Tassoni, C. Ann Ott, Elizabeth H. Boquet, and C. Mark Hurlbert
Elizabeth Boquet, with C. Ann Ott and C. Mark Hurlbert, is a contributing author, “Dinner at the Classroom Restaurant: Shared Pedagogies in a Graduate Seminar.”
Book description: This is a book about the passion, risk, and promise of sharing power in the classroom. It is a quest for something students and teachers need and may yet win: a culture of democratic authority in our classrooms. The essays collected here show students and teachers reconstructing power relations by asking: Who has the right to speak in the classroom? Whose voices, what content, and which processes should be deployed? How can we overcome entrenched teacher-talk? It addresses one of the central concerns of democratic teaching: Where does subject matter come from and what do we do with it to become empowered, critical, and more humane?
Susan Hilligoss, Cynthia L. Selfe, and Betsy Bowen
Betsy Bowen is a contributing author, “Telecommunications networks: Expanding the contexts for literacy”, pp. 113-129.
Book description: Computers, this collection of essays suggests, are transforming texts, language, and literacy itself. In easy-to-understand language, Literacy and Computers discusses computer-related issues within several larger contexts: the politics, social implications, and economics of literacy education; the roles of authors and readers; the nature of interpretation and subjectivity; and the ways in which human beings construct meaning. The first three parts of the volume examine: how computers have become part of the classroom; how electronic networks function as tools for reading, writing, and interpreting texts; how hypertext, a specialized genre of computer programs, relates to traditional notions of text. The fourth part pulls together the multiple voices of the previous contributions and urges readers to venture beyond early studies of computers in composition classrooms.
Ann M. Penrose, Barbara M. Sitko, and Betsy Bowen
Betsy Bowen is a contributing author, "Using conferences to support the writing process", pp. 188-200.
Book description: In Hearing Ourselves Think, cognitive process research moves from the laboratory to the college classroom, where its rich research tradition continues and an important new set of instructional approaches emerges. Each chapter moves from research results to classroom action, providing a direct and important link between research, theory, and practice. The book develops the concept of the research-based classroom in which students actively examine the processes and contexts of reading and writing and then turn their observations into principles for practice. Hearing Ourselves Think contributes to a lively new tradition of socio-cognitive research in writing and reading, exploring the dynamics of cognitive processes as they interact with dimensions of the academic context.
Amanda Branscombe, Dixie Goswami, Jeffrey Schwartz, and Betsy Bowen
Betsy Bowen is a contributing author, "Student teachers as researchers: Response", pp. 293-295.
Book description: This book focuses on shared inquiry. The research projects detailed in these chapters show how classroom dynamics change and more active learning takes place for both teacher and student when collaboration is involved. The projects here range from elementary through graduate school in both rural and urban, public and private settings.
Section One, "Students Teaching," raises questions about what happens when students and teachers share authority in and out of the classroom, empowering each other with the kind of authentic learning that can't be measured on standardized tests. As students become more responsible for how as well as what they learn, a bond of negotiation and trust is formed with the teacher. Expertise is no longer the sole domain of the teacher, but is shared by all as student voices are not only encouraged but respected. The projects include an account of the emergent curriculum in an elementary school in Vermont, students as teachers in a foreign language class in Greece, students as co-researchers on a telecommunications project in Pittsburgh, community research in Kentucky, student-sustained discussion, cross-age tutoring, and a follow-up study ten years later of a former student co-researcher.
Section Two, "Teachers Learning," focuses on teachers who have been changed by listening to their students. As in the first section, the roles of student and teacher are not easily defined. When teachers learn in these chapters, contradictions and problems are examined, not ignored. This is teacher research extended beyond the lonely office of the solitary instructor. The projects include a university school collaboration in urban Michigan, portfolio assessment, learning through talk in teacher preparation, and cross- visitation among teachers in the Philadelphia public schools.
Erwin Steinberg, Betsy Bowen, and Thomas Duffy
Betsy Bowen (with Thomas Duffy and Erwin Steinberg) is a contributing author, "Analyzing the various approaches of the Plain Language laws", pp. 19-28.
Anne Haas Dyson, A. Rosebery, L. Flower, B. Warren, Betsy Bowen, B. Bruce, Ann Penrose, and M. Kantz
Betsy Bowen (with A. Rosebery, L. Flower, B. Warren, B. Bruce, M. Kantz & Ann Penrose ) is a contributing author, "The problem-solving processes of readers and writers: Similarities and differences", pp. 136-163.
John Elder, Betsy Bowen, Jeffrey Schwartz, and Dixie Goswami
No description available.